Prevalence and Associated Factors of Tinea Capitis among School-Aged Children at Buseko Primary School in Buchi Compound, Kitwe, Zambia
Asian Journal of Research in Dermatological Science,
Background: Tinea capitis is the most common superficial fungal infection among school-aged children, especially those from low socio-economic status, globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Tinea capitis and associated factors among school-aged children at Buseko primary school, Kitwe, Zambia.
Methods: A cross-section study design was conducted among 252 pupils from the age of 5 years to 12 years from 1st July to 7th August using a multistage random sampling technique. Data was collected through an interview administered questionnaire which elicited socioeconomic and demographic data from the recruited pupils, and physical examination to look for the presence of Tinea capitis. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20.0.
Results: The prevalence of clinically diagnosed Tinea capitis among the study subjects was 28.5%. General hygiene status of the child (AOR=0.35, 95% CI: 0.17, 0.12), Sex of the child (AOR=2.97, CI (1.60, 5.51), and presence of Tinea capitis in the family (AOR= 11.56, 95% CI: 5.85, 22.88), were independently associated with Tinea capitis.
Conclusion: The prevalence of Tinea capitis among the study subjects was high. There is a need of instituting health intervention programmes, emphasizing the promotion of good hygiene and early diagnosis and treatment of Tinea capitis.
- Tinea capitis
- fungal skin infections
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