Cutaneous Tuberculosis Revealed by Erythema Nodosum

Main Article Content

Rabie Ayari
Raja Amri
Ramy Triki
Walid Saidane
Mohamed Ali Sbai

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a major public health problem in developing countries. Cutaneous tuberculosis is a rare form of extra pulmonary tuberculosis and represents a real diagnostic challenge because of its pauci-bacillary nature. Erythema nodosum is an exceptional skin manifestation of cutaneous tuberculosis.

We report the case of a 62-year-old female with a 10-year-old history of an atypical recurrent erythema nodosum. The Tuberculin intradermal reaction was strongly positive, with a biopsy of the subcutaneous lumps showing granulomatous tuberculoid lesions with caseous necrosis suggesting a cutaneous tuberculosis.

Treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs provided recovery without recurrence of the skin lesions.

Erythema nodosum is an exceptional manifestation of cutaneous tuberculosis. Atypical recurrent lesions, resistant to treatment in an endemic country should be suggestive to cutaneous tuberculosis and the confirmation is established with biopsy. Medical treatment based on anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy allows healing.

Keywords:
Tuberculosis, mycobacterium tuberculosis, erythema nodosum, cutaneous tuberculosis

Article Details

How to Cite
Ayari, R., Amri, R., Triki, R., Saidane, W., & Sbai, M. A. (2020). Cutaneous Tuberculosis Revealed by Erythema Nodosum. Asian Journal of Research in Dermatological Science, 3(2), 1-4. Retrieved from https://journalajrdes.com/index.php/AJRDES/article/view/30101
Section
Case Study

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