Main Article Content
Clinical data of patients with wounds attending government hospitals in Ondo state, Nigeria was investigated. It was observed that most patients with wound that visited government hospitals in Ondo state were 45-54 years age group with percentage of 41.0%. The most gender that visits government hospitals for the treatment of wound was male in the course of the research with the percentage of 59.3%. In the course of the study 31.0% of the respondents that participate in the survey were single while 69% were married. Self-employed had the highest percentage distribution of 27.8% while driver had the lowest percentage of 4.8%. Most of the respondents reside in Akure while Ilara had the lowest respondent patients with wounds that visited hospitals in the course of the study. Four-point-five percent (4.5%) of the patients with wounds were diagnosed with diabetes and 4.0 percent of the respondents were on diabetes drug. Eighteen-point-three percent (18.3%) of the patients with wounds take alcohol. Patients with wounds that take alcohol regularly were 16.3% while 2.0% take alcohol occasionally. In the course of the survey at government hospitals in Ondo State, 9.3% of the respondent smoke cigarette. Two-point-five percent (2.5%) smoke regularly while 6.8% smoke occasionally. Thirty-six-point five percent (36.5%) of the patients with wounds were on traditional herb. Patients with wounds that take traditional herb were 16.8%, 19.8% takes traditional herb occasionally, while 63.5% of the respondent did not take at all. None of the patient was diagnosed with obesity.
Ananth A, Rajan S. Isolation and screening of pathogenic bacteria from wound infections. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research. 2014;6(3):15-17.
Bottone EJ. Bacillus cereus, a volatile human pathogen. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2010;23:382-398
Liu Y, Lai Q, Göker M, Meier-Kolthoff JP, Wang M, Sun Y, Wang L, Shao Z. Genomic insights into the taxonomic status of the Bacillus cereus group. Sci Rep. 2015;5:14082.
Kotiranta A, Lounatmaa K, Haapasalo M. Epidemiology and pathogenesis of Bacillus cereus infections. Microbes Infect. 2000;2: 189-198.
World Union of Wound Healing Societies (WUWHS). Wound infection in clinical practice: an international consensus. London: MEP Ltd; 2008.
(Accessed May, 2013)
Hess C. Checklist for factors affecting wound healing. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2011;24(4):192.
Siddiqui A, Bernstein J. Chronic wound infection: Facts and controversies. Clin Dermatol. 2010;28:516–526.
Gould, L. J and Fulton, A. T. (2016). Wound Healing in Older Adults. Rhode Island Medical Journal, 34-36
Stojadinovic O, Minkiewicz J, Sawaya A, Bourne JW, Torzilli P, de Rivero Vaccari JP, Dietrich WD, Keane RW, Tomic-Canic M. Deep tissue injury in development of pressure ulcers: A decrease of inflammasome activation and changes in human skin morphology in response to aging and mechanical load. PLoS One. 2013;8(8):e69223.
Mohammed A, Seid ME, Gebrecherkos T, Tiruneh M, Moges F. Bacterial Isolates and Their Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Wound Infections among Inpatients and Outpatients Attending the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. International Journal of Microbiology. 2017;1-10.
Oguntibeju OO. Medicinal plants and their effects on diabetic wound healing, Veterinary World. 2019;12(5):653-663.
Dinh T, Elder S, Veves A. Delayed wound healing in diabetes: Considering future treatments, Diabetes Manage. 2011;1(5): 509–519.
Tan WS, Arulselvan P, Ng S, Taib CNM, Sarian MN, Fakurazi S. Improvement of diabetic wound healing by topical application of Vicenin-2 hydrocolloid film on Sprague Dawley rats. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2019;19:20
Boulton AJ, Vileikyte L, Ragnarson-Tennvall G, Apelqvist J. The global burden of diabetic foot disease. Lancet. 2005; 366(9498):1719–24.
Trevejo-Nunez G, Kolls JK, Wit MD. Alcohol use as a risk factor in infections and healing. Alcohol Research. 2015; 37(2):177-184.
Szabo G, Mandrekar P. A recent perspective on alcohol, immunity, and host defense. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009;33: 220-232.
Northamptonshire Healthcare. Guidelines for the assessment and management of wounds. (rev. 02/2020) CLPg005. 2002;1-37.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A report of the surgeon general: How tobacco smoke causes disease: What it means to you (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.
FDA. Cigarettes; 2019.
[Retrieved on the 7th January 2020]
McDaniel JC, Browning KK. Smoking, chronic wound healing and implications for evidence-based practice. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2014;41(5):415–E2.
Chan LK, Withey S, Butler PE. Smoking and wound healing problems in reduction mammaplasty: Is the introduction of urine nicotine testing justified? Ann Plast Surg. 2006;56(2):111–115.
Sorensen LT, Zillmer R, Agren M, Ladelund S, Karlsmark T, Gottrup F. Effect of smoking, abstention, and nicotine patch on epidermal healing and collagenase in skin transudate. Wound Repair Regen. 2009;17(3):347–353.
Guo S, Dipietro LA. Factors affecting wound healing. J Dent Res. 2010;89:219-229.
Elite. 10 factors that affect the wound healing process all nurses should know; 2018.
Available:https://www.elitecme.com/resource-center/nursing/10-factors-that-affect-the-wound-healing-process-all-nurses-should-know/on the 24th of January, 2020