Skin Complications from Soap and Cream Use among Elderly Persons in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital
Asian Journal of Research in Dermatological Science,
Background: The components of skin care products (soaps and creams) are left on the skin for extended periods of time. It has however been observed in most of the dermatology clinics in our environment that the frequent use of toilet or medicated germicidal soaps on diseased skin increases the inflammation and irritation of the skin
Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 126 elderly respondents who presented at different wards of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. A PROFORMA data collection sheet was used to collate demographic information, dermatological complications, and the use of soaps and creams from the participants.
Results: Xerosis was the most common skin complication (54.64%), followed by itching (27.84%) and post bleaching-syndrome (17.53%).The most commonly used was moisturizing cream (32.8%) followed by bleaching cream (16.0%). However, 49 (39.2%) of the participants indicated they did not use any specific cream and 15 (12.0%) indicated that they did not use any cream. The distribution of types of cream and gender was not statistically significant (p = 0.439). The distribution of bathing soap used by the participants showed that the most common bathing soap was moisturizing/toilet soap (54.4%), followed by the use of no specific soap (25.6%) and medicated/bleaching soap (19.2%). The distribution of postbleaching syndrome was significantly associated with a relatively high use of bleaching/ medicated soaps by 47.1% of the persons with post-bleaching syndrome. (p = 0.024). The distribution of postbleaching syndrome and gender was found to be statistically significant (p = 0.042), with the post-bleaching syndrome been more common among female participants (64.7%).
Conclusion: The was a considerable occurrence of post bleaching syndrome among the participants. In a bid to improve skin care among the elderly, it is important that the geriatric population are educated on the appropriate applications of skin care products for an improved quality of life.
How to Cite
Dlova NC, Hamed SH, Tsoka-Gwegweni J, Grobler A. Skin lightening practices: An epidemiological study of South African women of African and Indian ancestries. Br J Dermatol. 2015;173(S2):2–9.
Cork MJ, Danby SG, Vasilopoulos Y, Hadgraft J, Lane ME, Moustafa M, et al. Epidermal barrier dysfunction in atopic dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol. 2009;129(8): 1892–908.
Olumide YM, Akinkugbe AO, Altraide D, Mohammed T, Ahamefule N, Ayanlowo S, et al. Complications of chronic use of skin lightening cosmetics. Int J Dermatol. 2008;47(4):344–53.
Akpabio EM, Takara K. Understanding and confronting cultural complexities characterizing water, sanitation and hygiene in Sub-Saharan Africa. Water Int. 2014;39(7):921–32.
AlGhamdi K. The use of topical bleaching agents among women: a cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitude and practices. J Eur Acad Dermatology Venereol [Internet]. 2010;24(10):1214– 9.
[cited 2021 Apr 24].
Boguniewicz M, Leung DYM. Atopic dermatitis: A disease of altered skin barrier and immune dysregulation. Immunol Rev. 2011;242(1):233–46.
Ndiaye C, Bassene H, Diatta G, Diagne N, Parola P, Lagier JC, et al. The impact of daily soap use in rural areas of Senegal on respiratory infectious diseases, fevers and skin microbiota. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;96:408–15.
Oyekunle JAO, Ore OT, Ogunjumelo OH, Akanni MS. Comparative chemical analysis of Indigenous Nigerian soaps with conventional ones. Heliyon [Internet]. 2021;7(4):e06689.
[cited 2021 Apr 24]
Rusmadi SZ, Ismail SNS, Praveena SM. Preliminary Study on the Skin Lightening Practice and Health Symptoms among Female Students in Malaysia. J Environ Public Health. 2015;2015.
Sagoe D, Pallesen S, Dlova NC, Lartey M, Ezzedine K, Dadzie O. The global prevalence and correlates of skin bleaching: a meta‐analysis and meta‐regression analysis. Int J Dermatol [Internet]. 2019;58(1):24–44. [cited 2021 Apr 24]
Adebajo S. An epidemiological survey of the use of cosmetic skin lightening cosmetics among traders in Lagos, Nigeria. West Afr J Med. 2002;21: 51–5.
Sherwood AR. Skin bleaching among female university students [Internet]. Walden dissertations and doctoral studies collection; 2020 [cited 2021 Apr 24].
Ahluwalia SC, Gill TM, Baker DI, Fried TR. Perspectives of older persons on bathing and bathing disability: A qualitative study. J Am Geriatr Soc [Internet]. [cited 2021 Apr 24] 2010;58(3):450–6
Olumide YM, Akinkugbe AO, Altraide D, Mohammed T, Ahamefule N, Ayanlowo S, et al. Complications of chronic use of skin lightening cosmetics. Int J Dermatol [Internet]. 2008 [cited Apr 24] 2021;47(4):344–53.
RAVICHANDRAN N. Skin whitening creams can cause long-term damage, doctors warn | Daily Mail Online [Internet]. Daily mail india; 2013 [cited 2021 Apr 24].
Abstract View: 142 times
PDF Download: 117 times